[新聞] 聯合國將大麻自麻醉品單一公約中移除

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1.媒體來源: 紐約時報 2.記者署名: sabella Kwai 3.完整新聞標題: U.N. Reclassifies Cannabis as a Less Dangerous Drug A United Nations commission voted to remove marijuana for medical use from a list of the most risky narcotics, such as heroin. 聯合國將大麻重新定為低風險藥物 聯合國中的委員會將大麻自高風險物質(如:海洛因)表單中移除 4.完整新聞內文: A United Nations commission voted on Wednesday to remove cannabis for medicinal purposes from a category of the world’s most dangerous drugs, a highly anticipated and long-delayed decision that could clear the way for an expansion of marijuana research and medical use. 聯合國委員會周三投票表決,從世界上最危險的藥物類別中刪除用於醫療目的的大麻,這 項備受期待和長期拖延的決定可能為擴大大麻研究和醫療用途鋪平道路。 The vote by the Commission for Narcotic Drugs, which is based in Vienna and includes 53 member states, considered a series of recommendations from the World Health Organization on reclassifying cannabis and its derivatives. But attention centered on a key recommendation to remove cannabis from Schedule IV of the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs — where it was listed alongside dangerous and highly addictive opioids like heroin. 總部設在維也納的麻醉藥品委員會由53個成員國組成,審議了世界衛生組織對大麻及其衍 生物進行重新分類的一系列建議。從1961年《麻醉品單一公約》附表四中刪除大麻,在該 表中大麻與危險和高度易上癮的鴉片類藥物(如海洛因)一起被列出。 Experts say that the vote will have no immediate impact on loosening international controls because governments will still have jurisdiction over how to classify cannabis. But many countries look to global conventions for guidance, and United Nations recognition is a symbolic win for advocates of drug policy change who say that international law is out of date. 專家說表示:投票不會對國際管制產生立即影響,因為各國仍將對如何對大麻進行分類擁 有管轄權,但是許多國家以全球公約作為指標,而聯合國承認對於藥品政策的改革,對倡 導者來說是像徵性的勝利,他們說國際法已經過時了。 “This is a huge, historic victory for us, we couldn’t hope for more,” said Kenzi Riboulet-Zemouli, an independent researcher for drug policy who has closely monitored the vote and the position of member states. He said that cannabis had been used throughout history for medicinal purposes and that the decision on Wednesday reinstated that status. The change will most likely bolster medical research and legalization efforts around the world. The vote was a “big step forward,” recognizing the positive impact of cannabis on patients, said Dirk Heitepriem, a vice president at Canopy Growth, a Canadian cannabis company. “We hope this will empower more countries to create frameworks which allow patients in need to get access to treatment.” Marijuana for medical use has exploded in recent years and products containing cannabis derivatives like cannabidiol or CBD, a nonintoxicating compound, have flooded the wellness industry. Cowen, an investment and financial services company, estimates that the CBD industry in the United States will be worth $16 billion by 2025. Some research has suggested that CBD can protect the nervous system and provide relief from seizures, pain, anxiety and inflammation. The list of CBD-infused products — including creams, serums, soda water and juice — is also expanding rapidly. The recommendations for changing the classification of marijuana were first made by the World Health Organization in 2019. But they were politically divisive, which led to unusual delays in the United Nations commission’s vote. 世界衛生組織於2019年首次提出了改變大麻分類的建議。但是,這些建議在政治上存在分 歧,導致聯合國委員會投票的異常拖延。 The reclassification passed 27 to 25, with an abstention from Ukraine. The United States and European nations were among those who voted in favor, while the likes of China, Egypt, Nigeria, Pakistan and Russia were opposed. 本次投票中,以27:25通過決議。烏克蘭棄權,美國與歐洲國家投下贊成票,中國、埃及 、奈及利亞、巴基斯坦與俄羅斯投下反對票。 China’s delegate said that, despite the United Nations move, the country would strictly control cannabis “to protect from the harm and abuse.” 中國表示儘管聯合國通過本項決議,但中國將不會將大麻的管制放鬆,以保護人民被大麻 傷害與濫用 Britain’s delegate said that the reclassification was “in line with the scientific evidence of its therapeutic benefits” but that the country still strongly supported international controls for cannabis, adding that marijuana presented “serious public health risks.” The differing messages underline the complexities behind the decision. “It’ s been a diplomatic circus,” said Mr. Riboulet-Zemouli, who added that some countries initially opposed to the change, like France, had since switched their position. Michael Krawitz, executive director for Veterans for Medical Cannabis Access, an advocacy group in the United States, said the change in international law would “help reduce the suffering millions of people” and could help mitigate reliance on opiates, noting that cannabis was an important medication that could provide unique pain relief. Also on Wednesday, the commission rejected a proposal to include the cannabis derivative THC in the 1961 convention, which would have tightened some controls. 同樣的在本日,該委員會拒絕將THC列入此1931麻醉品單一公約的提議 The overhaul of cannabis policy, particularly around legalization for medical use, has moved at a rapid pace over the last few years, said Jessica Steinberg, managing director at the Global C, an international cannabis consulting group. Industry insiders have expressed hope that the vote will open the field for more research into the therapeutic benefits of the drug. But the impact on the American and European markets was driving the issue, Ms. Steinberg noted. In the United States, where more states legalized the use of medical and recreational marijuana in the recent election, the market for both of those is expected to expand to more than $34 billion by 2025, according to Cowen. Before the vote this week and other decriminalization efforts, share prices of some cannabis companies jumped. But aside from the financial boon it could provide for American and European marijuana markets, downgrading the dangers of cannabis may have the biggest impact on countries that have more conservative policies, such as many Caribbean and Asian nations. “Something like this does not mean that legalization is just going to happen around the world,” Ms. Steinberg said. But “it could be a watershed moment. ” 5.完整新聞連結 (或短網址): https://reurl.cc/e82Y4m 6.備註: 預計本周內美國眾議院也將投票決定聯邦層級的大麻合法化 --
※ 發信站: 批踢踢實業坊(ptt.cc), 來自: 123.192.91.197 (臺灣) ※ 文章網址: https://www.ptt.cc/bbs/Gossiping/M.1606957539.A.509.html
1Fyoyodio: 只有台灣政府還在睡啦,做事阿 12/03 09:06
大麻合法化議題也很明顯的分為民主國家與極權國家
2Flinfon00: 台灣未加入聯合國 12/03 09:06
3Ftakechance: 台灣早就應該成立大麻醫療專區,這樣精神病會減少 12/03 09:06
4Fwilly61615: 歐美低智商白癡又要逼著全世界吸大麻了 12/03 09:07
ㄋ最聰明 ㄋ肯定是智商200的天才 世界偉人 全科專家ㄅ
5Ftakechance: 台灣應該用大麻舒緩精神壓力,減少精神疾病發生 12/03 09:07
6Ftakechance: 台灣會一堆神經病亂殺人,就是因為沒有大麻舒緩12/03 09:07
7Ffufufugogogo: 人人吸大麻 八卦就沒這麼多廢文了12/03 09:07
8FWoodoo9: CBD到底可以買嗎 沒列管又不給買12/03 09:08
ㄏㄏ 就不能商業進口 只能個人購買 個人進口沒進行申請 很容易觸犯藥事法 然後THC容許值標準世界最嚴 就算寫包裝寫0THC也很容易超標
9FCF661020: 所以 我們國家冤枉那些吸麻的藝人了12/03 09:09
10Fhouseguy: 跟中國對著做就對了12/03 09:10
11Fscott0104: 欸!台灣還不跟上開放合法,難道要跟中國站在同一陣線12/03 09:10
※ 編輯: LOLI5566 (123.192.91.197 臺灣), 12/03/2020 09:15:15
12Fshu925614: 可以治療很多精神病徵 那些文明精神病 失眠 憂鬱 焦慮12/03 09:10
13Ftakechance: 我建議台灣應該在醫療方面合法,且要成立大麻專區12/03 09:10
14Fshu925614: 可以真正幫助大量的社畜12/03 09:10
15Ftakechance: 讓需要大麻的病人在專區內使用,不要二手菸害12/03 09:11
16Fshu925614: 一堆社畜都不知道 你們需要的是大麻 不是安眠藥或是KTV12/03 09:11
17Fdragonne: 兩公約就遵守,這個不用嗎?12/03 09:11
公約自助餐
18Fqqoooo: 我眼睛青光眼 很需要大麻治療12/03 09:12
20Ftakechance: 大麻成本超低,但對減少社會精神疾病有超大幫助12/03 09:12
23FJs1233: 呼麻合法化,還不快來吸12/03 09:15
24Fwhitefox: 呼麻開車撞死人會無罪嗎12/03 09:21
所有藥駕都不應該啦 本來就該禁止
25Fclosedltw: 什麼時候才要把酒精列入啊,喝酒殺人數比呼麻殺人多太多 12/03 09:23
26Fclosedltw: 台灣連酒精這麼危險的東西都能飲用,大麻當成毒品超好笑 12/03 09:24
27FMisscat16868: 用大麻治療精神病患?那我問精神病怎麼來的?不知12/03 09:24
28FMisscat16868: 足還是要問死神?12/03 09:24
29FMisscat16868: 一切都是騙局,跟LGBT一樣 12/03 09:25
30Ftalrasha: 台灣用大麻 哪一天不自律 厂 12/03 09:27
31Fneoa01: 推 台灣應該要跟上吧,這樣之前就不會有柯兒涉麻的問題了 12/03 09:31
32Fneoa01: ,還讓手機遺失有夠虧的12/03 09:31
33Ftcancer: 繼續藉醫療用途偷渡想抽麻菸的渴望 12/03 09:33
不要一直幻想別人偷渡好不好 我都光明正大的說 想要推動娛樂用合法 醫療用合法就是前置任務
34Fhylio7754: 開放之後絕對不只醫療用 12/03 09:34
35Ftcancer: 正麻駕撞死人跟CO2空污野生貓狗一樣是可接受外部成本 12/03 09:34
※ 編輯: LOLI5566 (49.216.160.151 臺灣), 12/03/2020 09:38:47
36Fju06080719: 柯建銘的兒子嗨翻12/03 09:37
37Fgarman0403: 研究及醫療用 覺青們省省吧12/03 09:37
38Fjeff0801: 趕快開放安樂死跟大麻12/03 09:37
39Fasdf70044: 八卦臭毒蟲省省吧12/03 09:38
40Fjassda: 聯合國? 兩國公約? 台灣選擇性 follow…12/03 09:44
===========洨粉紅在此==========
41Fliudwan: xi麻綠共戕害國人健康12/03 09:44
===========洨粉紅在此========== 漏餡了 抓
42Fytkuang: 毒豬可以進來 大麻不準進口 這有道理嗎12/03 09:46
※ 編輯: LOLI5566 (140.113.133.220 臺灣), 12/03/2020 09:53:43
43Fvdml: 重機上高速公路仔已經哭倒在路邊了 台灣是先禁國家 12/03 09:59
44Fvdml: 連重機都做不到 大麻仔還是早早洗洗睡 12/03 10:00
45Fmyyalga: 沒反對醫用啊! 12/03 10:33
46Fmyyalga: 做成非氣態食用+庫存清點列管! 12/03 10:33
47Francilio: 台灣不是要跟國際接軌? 12/03 10:48
48Fccufcc: 讚讚 12/03 10:56
49Fbonjourchen: 綠共:民眾可以自己選擇要不要吸 12/03 11:18
50Fnash3000: gogo420 12/03 12:36
51Fccufcc: 中國政府保護中國人民,讚讚!很用心l 12/03 12:41
52Finoinoino666: 支持大麻完全合法化 12/03 16:03
53Fa3qdorz: CBD大麻二酚僅允許自行使用輸入進口,要帶進台灣或跨國 12/03 23:28
54Fa3qdorz: 網購,需至衛福部填寫個人自用藥品專案進口申請書、關務 12/03 23:28
55Fa3qdorz: 署貨品輸入同意書申請 12/03 23:28
56Flouis860519: 上面酸麻駕的,酒合不合法? 以上 12/04 13:03
57FHazelburn: 大麻會被列為毒品本來就是個陰謀啊 12/05 07:36
58FHazelburn: 是為了方便抓墨西哥人所以貼個標籤好辦事 12/05 07:36

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